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california 2009-07-21 13:32

明代国姓——朱姓

<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">朱姓源流与分布</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" /><o:p></o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">朱姓本姓邾,这个耳旁是怎样去掉的呢</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">? </FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">见于典籍记载的第一个朱姓,当推伏曦神农之间的古天子朱襄氏,《黄帝本行记》说:“朱氏,黄帝之后。”宋真德秀撰《*****朱氏建安谱·得姓本源》亦云:“朱氏始于轩辕。”可见,朱姓的血缘初祖应是中华民族的共同始祖——黄帝。黄帝生昌意,昌意生韩流,韩流生颛顼。《元和姓纂》记载:“朱,颛顼之后。”故曰朱姓源出颛顼高阳氏。颛顼帝的玄孙<SPAN style="COLOR: black">陆终有</SPAN></SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">6</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">个儿子,</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">陆终的第五个儿子名安,被大禹赐姓曹。西周武王时封安的后裔曹侠于邾国(今山东费、邹、滕<SPAN style="COLOR: black">、济宁、金乡县等地),建都于邾(今山东曲阜东南陬村),他的遗族以国名为姓,称邾氏。公元前</SPAN></SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">614</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年邾文公迁都于绎(今山东邹县东南纪王城),至战国中叶,邾国为楚国所灭,邾国贵族四处逃散,但他们念念不忘自己邾国,就去耳旁,改姓朱。朱侠(曹侠)为今日朱姓的太始祖。此即《元和姓纂》所云:“朱,颛顼之后。周封曹挟于邾,为楚所灭,子孙去邑以为氏。”唐代训诂学家颜师古《急就章注》云:“舜臣朱虎,其后以为姓。”清人张澍《姓氏寻源》亦云:“舜臣有朱虎,则朱姓远矣。”这样看来,帝舜时代已有朱姓。但因朱虎的后代无资料可考,所以,《新唐书·宰相世系》及《通志·氏族略》等书均说朱氏出自曹姓,系由邾氏去邑而形成。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">朱姓还源自:一是舜的儿子丹朱之后以朱为氏;二是舜臣朱虎(或作朱彪)的后裔;三是宋微子启之后改宋为朱氏。东周齐大夫朱椀,避祸乱,携族人迁居于沛国,后成为望族,因名沛国堂。朱椀为始祖。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">另外,《元和姓纂》称,《魏书·官氏志》记有鲜卑族渴烛浑氏、可朱浑氏在河南洛阳一并改为朱氏。《通志·氏族略》及《姓氏考略》等因袭此说。从三国以来,重要的由其他姓氏改姓朱的有施、康、李、范、舒、邱、胡等姓,朱姓在明代因皇族姓朱而为国姓,明朝帝王的赐国姓朱,其人数之多、数目之大,是历史上罕见的。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">据何光岳《楚源流史》载,楚宣王灭邾后,“将邾的遗族南迁至湖北黄冈县西北十里的邾城”。又据《新唐书·宰相世系》载,朱氏世居沛国相县(治所在今安徽濉溪县西北)。西汉大司马长史朱诩之子朱浮,为大司马、大司空、新息侯,其子朱永,为下邳太守。朱永的九世孙朱尚,为吏部尚书,其子朱质,任司徒。朱质有二子:朱禹、朱卓。朱禹官司隶校尉、青州刺史,因遭东汉后期的党锢之祸而被杀,子孙避难逃到丹阳(一作丹杨,治所即今安徽当涂县东北小丹阳),至南北朝时期发展成为名门巨族。“永嘉之乱”,中原朱姓士族大举南迁,使得南方的朱姓更加庞大。人数也急剧增加,以致到南北朝时,朱与张、顾、陆姓并称江南四大姓。朱卓的后裔,由于任官的原因,主要是在今陕西、河南、湖北等省境内发展繁衍。据《十国春秋》卷七十五载,唐末有朱葆光,其先京兆人,徙家南阳,朱温代唐称帝后,他携家到湖南,侨居潭州(今长沙),</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">30</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年后又迁至衡山安家。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">又据广东兴宁《朱氏族谱》载,东晋建武元年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">317</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),朱玮任南康郡刺史,自河南南阳徙居南康(今属江西),传</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">7</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世至朱宽,于南朝梁普通七年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">526</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年)由南康徙居吉安府(治今江西吉安),又传</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">12</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世至朱继贤,于唐代任徽州府正堂,立基婺源(今属江西)。朱继贤传</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">11</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">世有朱熹,侨寓建阳(今属福建)。朱熹之孙朱铨回迁庐陵(今江西吉安)任参佐,朱铨的五世孙朱章甫于南宋末年因避战乱徙居吉安府安福县(今属江西),后又迁至广东兴宁宁中乡竹丝湖立业,成为朱氏兴宁竹丝湖派一世祖。朱章甫的三儿子朱泗于元代徙居罗浮(今广西东兴各族自治县东)徐田,此后,子孙繁衍,分布于今广西、广东的许多地方。</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">《沛国*****朱氏六修族谱》载,朱氏先祖从中原南迁入赣,朱一郎于唐乾元二年从抚州赤拦门徙宁都龙口坝(今洛口)。朱六一郎(生于唐元和己丑牛)移居宁都会同兔子寮。据《石城县志》记载,朱姓是唐至五代南迁石城的</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">15</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">个开基姓之一。也有朱氏族谱记载朱氏先祖中原南迁后,逐移居吉安,再移居赣南。上述是朱姓迁居赣南最早的文字记载,也是朱姓成为客家大姓的历史见证。朱氏于南宋徙入福建汀州,留居宁化石壁,迁长汀、上杭、建宁。后裔散居广东兴宁、罗浮、惠州、高州、平远、河源以及台湾等地。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: red; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> <o:p></o:p></FONT></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: red; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><SPAN style="mso-spacerun: yes"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">朱氏进入台湾最早者,是清朝康熙年间农民起义领袖朱一贵。此后,闽粤等沿海地区朱氏移居台湾者络绎不绝。现在,朱姓是台湾第三十四大姓,分布在台湾的许多地方。此外,明朝武宗正德年间(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">1506</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">~</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">1521</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),曾赐其他姓百余人姓朱;日本侵占台湾期间,台湾朱姓曾被迫改用日本姓赤石,直至</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">1945</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年台湾光复后,才恢复原来的朱姓。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21.75pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">为了进一步求发展,朱氏又有不少人走出国门,到海外开拓新的事业,现主要分布于东南亚、北美洲、非洲、欧洲的一些国家。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">郡望</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21.75pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">据考,朱姓有声望的世家大族居沛郡(今安徽濉溪县西北)。<SPAN style="COLOR: black">唐朝元和年间,朱氏的郡望主要有吴郡(今江苏苏州)、钱塘(今浙江杭州)、沛国相县、永城谯郡(治所在今河南商丘东北)、义阳(今河南信阳)、丹阳、太康(今属河南)、河南(今河南洛阳)等。</SPAN></SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: blue; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">堂号</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21.75pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">朱元璋登基的第</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">7</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年(</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">1374</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">年),改中立府置凤阳府,该府在明代为皇室先世陵墓所在地,故其子孙以“凤阳”为堂号。朱熹曾任秘阁修撰等职,广注典籍,对经学、史学、文学、乐律以至自然科学有不同程度的贡献;他继承了北宋程颢、程颐的理学,完成了客观唯心主义的体系,是宋代理学的集大成者,著有《四书章句集注》、《诗集传》等。他曾在白鹿洞书院讲学,又建*****鹅湖书院,从事教育</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">50</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">余年,故其后裔以“*****”为堂号,称为“*****本派”。</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">楹联</SPAN></B><B style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></B></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt; TEXT-INDENT: 21.75pt"><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">朱姓家族专用楹联,即朱姓家族常用以下族中名人嵌作楹联,以事彰扬,并表明为正宗朱姓之后。昔有联云“婺源著氏,徽国流芳”,典出朱熹。“玉海千寻,探遍五经之秘”,典出朱异。“书楼万卷,博搜二西之奇”,典出朱昂。“云台著绩,秘阁流徽”。“鹅湖世德,鹿洞家声”。其中,<SPAN style="COLOR: black">朱氏后裔所用楹联“婺源著氏,徽国流芳”、“鹅湖世德,鹿洞家声”及“云台著绩,秘阁流徽”就是纪念朱熹和朱环的。</SPAN></SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: black; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><o:p></o:p></SPAN></P>
<P class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><SPAN style="mso-tab-count: 1"><FONT face="Times New Roman"> </FONT></SPAN></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">朱姓在当今按人口多少排次序的中华姓氏中为第十四大姓,约占全国汉族人口的</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">1</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">.</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">26</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">%,分布很广,以江苏、广东、浙江、河南居多,这</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">4</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">省朱姓约占全国汉族朱姓人口的</SPAN><SPAN lang=EN-US style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt"><FONT face="Times New Roman">44</FONT></SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">%。朱姓不仅是汉族大姓,而且也是古今一些少数民族所使用的姓氏。例如:西汉的南越族的朱氏;金时女真人姓兀颜氏(即乌延氏),汉姓为朱;世居吉林长白山、辽宁大陵河等地的清满洲人有朱姓;清满洲八旗姓乌苏氏、珠佳(朱佳)氏、珠锡哩(朱锡哩)氏,后均有改为朱姓者;清代甘肃碾伯县(今青海乐都)土司</SPAN><SPAN style="FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: 宋体; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt">


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